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 Local Fauna

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Sailor Neptune
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PostSubject: Local Fauna   Local Fauna I_icon_minitime21st April 2014, 11:34 am

Local Fauna VieEVX6

And now I would like to introduce you to some of our exotic native fauna! Like most everything, we're pretty rich in variety when it comes to animals and plants as well, some could not be found anywhere else. Unfortunately, we're not very good at keeping our endangered species from becoming extinct, so I've often found some of them in zoos across the world instead. In this list I've only included animals that can only be found exclusively in Indonesia.

The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)

Local Fauna 640px-Sumatran_Tiger_Berlin_Tierpark

As indicated by its name, the Sumatran Tiger inhabits the island of Sumatra, the westernmost island of Indonesia. It is the smallest tiger of its species and currently classified as critically endangered, with the population estimated at 441 to 679 individuals. It's the only surviving member of the Sunda Islands group of tigers that included the now extinct Bali tiger and Javan tiger.

They can be found in rainforests, mountainous areas, and marshy swamps, most often near a water source.

Interesting Fact: Sumatran Tigers have webbed feet. This allows the tiger to swim easily, and they will often cross more than one river to find food!

Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)

Local Fauna 332px-Orang_Utan%2C_Semenggok_Forest_Reserve%2C_Sarawak%2C_Borneo%2C_Malaysia

In Malay language, "orangutan" literally translates to "man of the jungle". It's another endangered species that are only found in Asia, and there are only approximately 30,000 of them still living in the wild. Orangutan is a type of great ape that can only be found on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. They are most often found in the trees and are not particularly sociable creatures. They also have opposable thumbs like humans.

Interesting Fact: Orangutans are very sophisticated creatures and have been known to use handfuls of leaves as napkins, wrapping them around their hands to protect them when they handle sharp or spiny objects, and use them as umbrellas to shade from the sun or protect from the weather.

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)

Local Fauna 640px-Komodo_dragon_with_tongue

The Komodo dragon is a giant species of lizard found exclusively in the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. It's the largest living specis of lizard, able to grow to the maximum length of 3 metres and weighing up to 135 kilograms. Their diet consists of deer, birds, and mammals, and have also been known to occasionally attack humans (although probably not to eat them).

Their natural home is among the rocks or in tropical rainforest areas. They are solitary animals and sleep in underground lizard-sized burrows during nighttime. There is around 3000-5000 komodos currently living in Komodo Island.

They are now protected within the Komodo National Park, which is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature.

Did You Know: Many of the stories of mythological dragons may have come from the Komodo Dragon? Their yellow tongues and foul breath gave the impression that they could breathe fire and could be the inspiration for our own stories of fire-breathing dragons.

Komodo Dragons are also cannibals. They don’t seem to be particularly picky with what they eat, and it is estimated that 10% of a Komodo Dragon’s diet consists of other dragons. They can move very quickly when they need to and are very good swimmers. They will bite their prey and then let the poisonous bacteria in their mouths take over, slowing the animal to the point that it cannot run any longer. The Komodo Dragon will track the animal, using their enhanced sense of smell and tongue, and then will eat once the animal is subdued. They will eat dead animals when they find them, keeping their islands tidy.

Cendrawasih Bird (Paradisaea raggiana)

Local Fauna Cenderawasih-IST

This bird of paradise is the national bird of New Guinea (not to be confused with Papua New Guinea, a separate country) and the picture of the bird can be found on the Indonesian coins, stamps, and even taxi cabs. Their feathers are believed to have mystical properties, and along with their beautiful plumage, they become increasingly hunted by people trading them illegally.

This bird can only be found in the island of New Guinea, the easternmost island of Indonesia. They are considered by many to be the most beautiful birds on the planet.

Interesting Fact: After trading plumes of birds of paradise with early European explorers, local tribes told them that the birds were the birds of the gods and never touched earth, feeding only on dew. This story accentuated the value of the birds for over 100 years, and the feathers were in such high demand that it almost killed off the species.

Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis/Bubalus quarlesi)

Local Fauna Anoa

There are two types of anoa; the lowland anoa and the mountain anoa. They're a species of pygmy buffalo and the smallest of the wild cattle. They are also an endangered species that can only be found in the island of Sulawesi.

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

Local Fauna 640px-Sumatran_Rhino_2

This type of rhinoceros is the only two-horned rhinoceros living in Asia. They are currently listed as critically endangered. They have been hunted to near extinction, especially for the horns which are believed to have medicinal properties and are also used for carving. Sumatran Rhinoceroses are found in tropical rainforests in very isolated areas of Indonesia. They are most active at night, feeding in the morning and the evening, and spending most of the day resting in ponds and mud. It is estimated that there are less than 300 currently living in the wild.

The Sumatran Rhinoceros is distinctive in that they are covered with hair, unlike other members of the species. Their hair is long, shaggy, and reddish-brown with the hide underneath being a grayish color and plated like armor. Both sexes have two horns growing out from their noses, and the front horn is noticeably larger than the back horn.

Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa)

Local Fauna 320px-Hirscheber1a

Their name literally means "pig-deer". Because of their odd appearance, the Babirusa has been the subject of many mystical stories and legends, including one that states that they hang from trees at night by their tusks. There is about 4000 of them currently living in the wild.

They can be found in the isolated Indonesian islands of Sula, Sulawesi, and Togian, and they also can be found in the Moluccas on the Buru Island. The Babirusa, at least physically, most closely resembles a pig. They have rough, wrinkled skin that is brown or dark gray in color with scattered, spiny yellowish hairs. Unlike a common pig, however, they have fairly long, thin legs. Their most distinguishing features, however, are the tusks. These grow from the snout area, but, unlike traditional tusks, they grow through the skin of the snout from the mouth, curving backwards over the eyes.

Interesting Fact: Indonesian people have based masks on the Babirusa’s appearance and have been known to give a dead Babirusa as a gift.

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PostSubject: Re: Local Fauna   Local Fauna I_icon_minitime23rd April 2014, 11:57 pm

Ehehe. I love the birdie. ^^
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PostSubject: Re: Local Fauna   Local Fauna I_icon_minitime26th April 2014, 11:52 am

It might seem strange to say this but it's so cool that these animals are LOCAL animals where you live Smile Where I live, I'd have to go to a zoo to see them and it's just like man, i'd love to go see these animals in their natural habitat ^^ although the tiger might be the exception
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Sailor Neptune
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Sailor Neptune

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Title : Drinker of Roleplayers' Tears ~ The Internationaliest™
Posts : 9577
Join date : 2013-07-25
Age : 36
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PostSubject: Re: Local Fauna   Local Fauna I_icon_minitime26th April 2014, 8:32 pm

That's true, though I have yet to see them in the wild myself! I really need to travel more within my own country Razz
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PostSubject: Re: Local Fauna   Local Fauna I_icon_minitime

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